Victoria_Cross_of_canada

THE

 

TO THE VICTORIA & GEORGE CROSS

COMPREHENSIVE GUIDE

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b. 21/02/1842 Farmington, Iowa.  d. 24/02/1918 Des Moines, Iowa.

 

DATE OF MOH ACTION: 15/02/1862 Fort Donelson, Tennessee.

 

Twombly was born to Samuel Twombly and Dorothy Twombly (nee Wilder) on February 21, 1842, near Farmington, Van Buren County, Iowa Territory. His father died in September 1842, leaving Twombly's mother responsible for raising him. While growing up, Twombly was educated at several common schools and at the Lane Academy of Keosauqua.

 

Twombly enlisted in the Union Army on April 24, 1861, after President Abraham Lincoln had called for soldiers to counter the secessionist Confederate States. On May 27, 1861, he was mustered into Company F of the 2nd Iowa Volunteer Infantry Regiment as a private in Keokuk, Iowa. The 2nd Iowa Regiment left for Northern Missouri on June 13, 1861, and was stationed at St. Joseph, Missouri to protect the city's railroad lines. On July 21, 1861, the 2nd Iowa regiment was transferred to Bird's Point, Missouri. The regiment would continue to be transferred throughout Missouri during the remainder of the year, but saw little combat. In October, Twombly was promoted to the rank of corporal and assigned to the color guard. In February 1862, the Second Iowa Infantry Regiment was incorporated into the Army of the Tennessee , which was under the command of Major General Ulysses S. Grant.

 

On February 15, 1862, the Army of the Tennessee attacked Fort Donelson in Tennessee. During the battle, Twombly picked up and carried his regiment's national colors after the color sergeant and two other corporals had been killed or injured by the enemy.Twombly was knocked to the ground by cannon fire, but managed to carry the flag for the duration of the battle. For his actions during the battle, Twombly was promoted to sergeant and later awarded the Medal of Honor in 1897.

 

Twombly carried his regiment's colors during the April 1862 Battle of Shiloh and participated in the Siege of Corinth, Mississippi as an acting second lieutenant. In October 1862, Twombly received a knee injury during the Second Battle of Corinth. He was hospitalized and placed on leave for six weeks to help him recover from the injury. In 1863, Twombly's regiment was formally stationed in Corinth, and engaged in numerous actions against the cavalry forces of Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest.

 

In October 1863, Major General William Tecumseh Sherman replaced Grant as the commander of the Army of the Tennessee. In November 1863, Twombly and the Army of the Tennessee marched northeast into Tennessee; his regiment spent the winter of 1863–64 in Pulaski, Tennessee. Twombly went on to participate in the Atlanta Campaign and Sherman's March to the Sea. He was promoted to first lieutenant in July 1864 and to captain in November 1864. While stationed in Savannah, Georgia in January 1865, Twombly was made the assistant inspector general of the Third Brigade of his division.

 

In early 1865, Twombly and the Army of the Tennessee marched north through the Carolinas and fought Confederate forces in Columbia, South Carolina and Bentonville, North Carolina. Twombly reached Goldsboro, North Carolina by the end of March and was present at the surrender of Confederate General Joseph E. Johnston near Raleigh, North Carolina. Following the surrender, the Army of the Tennessee headed north to Washington, D.C., where Twombly and the 2nd Iowa Infantry participated in the Grand Review of the Armies. Twombly was mustered out of service on July 12 in Louisville, Kentucky and formally discharged on July 20 in Davenport, Iowa.

 

From August to December 1865, Twombly attended Bryant & Stratton's Business College, a commercial school in Burlington, Iowa. After completing his education, he entered into a number of business ventures. From his graduation until December 1867, Twombly worked as a flour merchant in Ottumwa, Iowa. He opened a milling company in Pittsburg, Van Buren County in January 1868, which he ran until April 1876. He later moved to Keosauqua, Iowa where he worked as a merchant until 1880.

 

Twombly, who had consistently supported the Republican Party since reaching voting age, accepted the position of treasurer of Van Buren County in 1880. He served in that position until 1884, when Twombly became the Mayor of Keosauqua. In January 1885, Twombly was elected the Treasurer of Iowa. He served three terms in the position before stepping down in January 1891.

 

After his term as Treasurer of Iowa had concluded, Twombly assisted with the creation of the Home Savings Bank of Des Moines. He became the director and president of the bank in June 1891, and maintained the two positions until January 1901. In October 1891, Twombly became the half-owner of the Capital Hill Granite & Marble Works. Twombly stepped down from the position and retired from business in June 1905.

 

MOH CITATION:

 

Took the colors after 3 of the color guard had fallen, and although most instantly knocked down by a spent ball, immediately arose and bore the colors to the end of the engagement.

 

BURIAL LOCATION: PITTSBURG RURAL CEMETERY, KEOSAUQUA, IOWA.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Voltaire P Twombly

TWOMBLY TWOMBLY GRAVE