Victoria_Cross_of_canada

THE

 

TO THE VICTORIA & GEORGE CROSS

COMPREHENSIVE GUIDE

victoria_cross george cross scan0004

b. 25/09/1839 County Roscommon, Ireland.  d. 17/02/1917 New York.

 

DATE OF MOH ACTION: 31/05 - 01/06/1862 Fair Oaks, Virginia.

 

Born in Cappagh, County Roscommon, Ireland, at the age of nine months he emigrated with his family to New York City, New York to escape the Irish Potato Famine and after receiving his education at St. John's College (Now Fordham University) in New York City, he briefly worked as an attorney. When the American Civil War broke out in April 1861, he originally enlisted as a private in Company I of the New York Militia but was mustered out two months later. In July 1861 he reenlisted in Company C of the 37th New York Volunteer Infantry (Irish Rifles) and was given a commission as a 2nd lieutenant and by November of that year he advanced to the rank of captain. After being wounded at the Battle of Chancellorsville, Virginia in May 1863, he mustered out and was commissioned a captain in the US Veteran Reserve Corps the following July. He was promoted to the rank of major in July 1864 and received brevet promotions to the ranks lieutenant colonel and colonel. In April 1865 he was serving as Provost Marshall of Washington DC and was active in the pursuit and capture of John Wilkes Booth and his associate conspirators following the assassination of US President Abraham Lincoln. In September 1865 he was brevetted to the rank of brigadier general for "gallant, distinguished and meritorious service" while serving in the Union Army during the Civil War and he was discharged from military duty on January 30, 1866. He then pursued a career in journalism, reporting for the Washington Sunday Gazette and the New York Herald. In the 1890s he served as second in command of immigration at Ellis Island, New York City, New York. He died in New York City, New York at the age of 77.

 

MOH CITATION:

 

He gallantly maintained the line of battle until ordered to fall back.

 

BURIAL LOCATION: CALVARY CEMETERY, WOODSIDE, NEW YORK.

Sec. 7, Range 9, Plot II, Grave 14

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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James Rowan O'Beirne

o'beirne o'beirne grave