b. 26/06/1842 Manchester, Michigan. d. 22/04/1923 Denver, Colorado.
DATE OF MOH ACTION: 12/07/1864 Peach Tree Creek, Georgia.
DATE OF 2ND MOH ACTION: 08/11/1874 McClellan's Creek, Texas.
Baldwin served through the Civil War in the 19th Michigan Infantry, fighting in all his regiment's battles from 1862 to 1865. Upon the postbellum reorganization of the Regular Army, he was commissioned into the 19th United States Regular Infantry as a Second Lieutenant. He eventually was assigned to the 5th U.S. Infantry, with whom he fought in the various frontier conflicts with the Indians. His actions in an attack on an Indian village on the Red River in Montana on December 18, 1876, earned him a brevet of Captain, U.S. Regular Army (awarded on February 27, 1890).
He served with distinction under General Nelson A. Miles as chief of scouts during campaigns against Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse. Baldwin also served in the Philippines during the Spanish-American War. He was promoted to Brigadier General, U.S. Regular Army on June 9, 1902. In 1906, he was advanced to Major General, after which he retired from active duty.
Baldwin ended his career as adjutant general of the state of Colorado.
Baldwin holds the distinction for being the first recipient of the Medal of Honor in different conflicts, first for actions in the Civil War on July 12, 1864 and the second for the Indian Wars, on November 8, 1874.
FIRST MOH CITATION:
Led his company in a countercharge at Peach Tree Creek, Ga., 12 July 1864, under a galling fire ahead of his own men, and singly entered the enemy's line, capturing and bringing back 2 commissioned officers, fully armed, besides a guidon of a Georgia regiment.
SECOND MOH CITATION:
Rescued, with 2 companies, 2 white girls by a voluntary attack upon Indians whose superior numbers and strong position would have warranted delay for reinforcements, but which delay would have permitted the Indians to escape and kill their captives.
BURIAL LOCATION: ARLINGTON NATIONAL CEMETERY, ARLINGTON, VIRGINIA.
Section 3, Grave 1894