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b. 17/08/1878 New York.  d. 14/05/1930 Long Island, New York.


DATE OF MOH ACTION: 06/06/1918 Chateau-Thierry, France.


Ernest August Janson was born on August 17, 1878, in New York City. After nearly ten years of honorable service with the U.S. Army, he enlisted in the Marine Corps on June 14, 1910 at the Marine Barracks, Bremerton, Washington. He was appointed a corporal, March 14, 1911, and honorably discharged on June 13, 1914.


He re-enlisted on June 17, 1914, and was appointed a Sergeant on August 24, 1914. During this second enlistment, he served on the USS Nebraska from July 13, 1914 until January 30, 1915; on detached duty on the USS Montana from January 30, 1915 until February 6, 1915; on the USS Nebraska again from February 6, 1915 until October 22, 1916; and at Norfolk, Virginia, from October 22, 1916 until May 25, 1917. Sergeant Janson sailed for France on the USS DeKalb on June 14, 1917, and disembarked at St. Nazaire, France, June 27, 1917. Appointed a gunnery sergeant, a temporary warrant for the duration of the war, on July 1, 1917 he served honorably with the 49th Company, 5th Regiment, in its various activities.




For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty in action with the enemy near Château-Thierry, France, 6 June 1918. Immediately after the company to which G/Sgt. Janson belonged, had reached its objective on Hill 142, several hostile counterattacks were launched against the line before the new position had been consolidated. G/Sgt. Janson was attempting to organize a position on the north slope of the hill when he saw 12 of the enemy, armed with 5 light machineguns, crawling toward his group. Giving the alarm, he rushed the hostile detachment, bayoneted the 2 leaders, and forced the others to flee, abandoning their guns. His quick action, initiative and courage drove the enemy from a position from which they could have swept the hill with machinegun fire and forced the withdrawal of our troops.



Orient Hill Section, Lot 148

Charles F Hoffman

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